Burns caused by fire, liquid, or steam

Essential information to rememberIf your child’s clothing is on fire, lie her down and quickly roll her entire body except her head in a blanket to extinguish the flames.

Photo: Société de sauvetage

Information to which you should pay special attention Go to the emergency room if the clothing is stuck to your child’s skin, the burn is extensive, or your child’s face or neck is affected.

If fire, boiling liquid, or steam has come in contact with a clothed body part, do not remove the clothing before immersing the burn in cold water. Immerse the burn in water or pour cool water over it for 10 minutes.

If you cannot put the burn under water, put a clean, cool wet cloth on the burn. Do not rub it.

Only apply cool water to the burn. If the burn is small and superficial (on the surface only), you can then apply an antibiotic ointment and put a bandage on it. Other substances like baby oil, vinegar, butter, and toothpaste can make the burn worse.

If there is a blister, do not pop it because doing so could cause pain and lead to infection.

You can call Info-Santé (8-1-1) to determine the severity of the burn or get information if you have any concerns. They can tell you if your child needs to see a doctor.

Electrical shock

If your child gets an electrical shock and is still touching the electrical source, cut the electricity before you pull your child away.

If your child is no longer touching the electrical source, you don’t have to wait before touching him.

If your child is unconscious, yell for help and have someone call 9-1-1. If no one can help, call 9-1-1 yourself.

If your child is not breathing and help has not yet arrived, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if you know how to it.

Information to which you should pay special attentionElectricity can cause serious problems (e.g., internal burns and heart problems). Always call Info-Santé or take your child to the emergency room.